Lying at 75.1'E and 38.5'N, Muztagata of 7509 meters above sea level is ranked the third among the highest peaks in the East Pamirs, standing on the common boundary of Akto County and Taxkorgan in Xinjiang. Four major ridges - the South Ridge, the West Ridge, the Northwest Ridge, the Northeast Ridge, rest on the peak, the perfectly round top of which are wrapped in snow all the year round while more than ten glaciers are set in the canyon of it. Looking just like a grey-haired old man, it is consequently called by the local residents "Father of Ice Mountains". The west slope being gental, the north and east slopes are on the contrary dangerously precipitous.
The climate here is quite close to that of Kongur Shan. Togo to the mountain, advance southward along the Sino-Pakistan Highway to Subashi, then trudge to the mountain side and set up a base camp site ant an altitude of 4500 meters.
In 1670, an English made a survey of Muztagata. In 1947, two Englishmen made the first attempt of ascent but achieved no success. It was not until 1956 that 31 persons from the combined Mountaineering Team of China and the former Soviet Union spared no effort and achieved success in the ascent of the summit.